In 1961, Assinica fishing and hunting Reserve was created. In 1975, the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement gave its beneficiaries certain exclusive rights to hunting, fishing, and trapping on the Nord-du-Québec territory. In 1985, the Assinica wildlife Sanctuary was given its current status.
Assinica comes from the Cree word asinikaw, which means "it's stony" or "it's rocky." It's the name of a lake in the drainage basin of a river, the Broadback, that flows through the wildlife Sanctuary.
Over 20 species, including :
31 mammals, including:
116 species of birds, including: